The Keystone Service: Amtrak’s Gateway from Harrisburg to New York

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Embark on a journey through the heart of Pennsylvania with the Keystone Service, a hallmark of Amtrak’s regional train offerings. Bridging the historic cities of Harrisburg and Philadelphia, this service extends its reach to the bustling streets of New York City, offering passengers a seamless blend of speed, convenience, and comfort. As one of the busiest routes in Amtrak’s portfolio, the Keystone Service not only connects key urban centers but also showcases the potential of modern rail travel. Whether you’re a daily commuter, a business traveler, or a leisure seeker, the Keystone Service stands ready to transform your travel experience, offering a glimpse into the future of transportation.

Introduction to Keystone Service

The Keystone Service stands as a pivotal regional passenger train service, bridging the gap between the Harrisburg Transportation Center in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and the bustling 30th Street Station in Philadelphia. This essential service extends its reach to Penn Station in New York City, traversing the historic Philadelphia to Harrisburg Main Line, also known as the Keystone Corridor. With a journey spanning 195 miles (314 km), the Keystone Service is renowned for its efficiency and speed, making it a preferred choice for commuters and travelers alike.

The transit between Harrisburg and New York City unfolds over approximately 3.5 hours, incorporating a significant stretch of 1.75 hours between Harrisburg and Philadelphia. The service is enhanced by several express trains, adept at shaving off about 15 minutes from the standard journey times, thereby providing an expedited travel option. Operating at the forefront of higher-speed rail, the trains achieve impressive speeds of up to 125 miles per hour (200 km/h) along portions of the Northeast Corridor and up to 110 mph (180 km/h) across segments of the Keystone Corridor.


Delving into the mechanics of the Keystone Service reveals a fleet primarily composed of five cars, including four Amfleet I coaches and a Metroliner cab car, all propelled by the robust Siemens ACS-64 electric locomotive. The service prides itself on offering a single class of service, the coach class, meticulously arranged in a 2×2 seating configuration. An interesting aspect of the Keystone Service is its reservation system; while the stretch between Harrisburg and Philadelphia is unreserved, coaches between Philadelphia and New York necessitate reservations.

In an ambitious move towards modernization, the Keystone Service plans a significant overhaul of its equipment in the late 2020s to early 2030s. The future will see the introduction of the Amtrak Airo trainsets, an amalgamation of Siemens Venture passenger cars and the Siemens Charger diesel-electric locomotive. This new fleet will not only enhance passenger comfort with a mix of 2×2 coach class and 2×1 business class seating but also incorporate a food service area for an enriched travel experience. A notable addition will be the “Auxiliary Power Vehicle,” equipped with a pantograph and traction motors to harness power from overhead lines, marking a significant technological leap from the pre-2006 era of GE Genesis diesel locomotives.


The daily operation of the Keystone Service is a testament to its reliability and efficiency. Weekdays see a bustling schedule with thirteen Keystone trains and one Pennsylvanian train plying in each direction, ensuring a seamless connection between Harrisburg and Philadelphia. The service extends its embrace to nine Keystone trains plus the Pennsylvanian continuing their journey to New York, catering to the diverse needs of its passengers. Weekends maintain a robust schedule with eight round-trip trains on Saturdays and Sundays, with the majority, including the Pennsylvanian, completing the full stretch from Harrisburg to New York.

Travelers can expect a consistent journey time of approximately 3 hours and 30 minutes for the Harrisburg to New York leg, inclusive of a 1 hour and 45 minutes transit between Harrisburg and Philadelphia. The service’s commitment to convenience is further highlighted by the provision of express trains, which offer a quicker alternative by reducing travel times by approximately 15 minutes, thus exemplifying the Keystone Service’s dedication to efficiency and passenger satisfaction.

Amtrak train 609 passing the ex-PRR tower built in 1915. It closed in 1994 after a fire.


The Keystone Service, conceptualized as a vital artery in the regional transportation network, offers a swift and efficient connection between Harrisburg, Philadelphia, and New York City. Its essence lies in blending historical significance with modern efficiency, as it traverses the Keystone Corridor at speeds that qualify it as higher-speed rail. The service is not only a testament to the technological advancements in rail travel, with trains achieving speeds of up to 125 mph, but also to the commitment to passenger comfort and convenience, as seen in its planned transition to the Amtrak Airo trainsets. This service, embodying the concept of accessible and rapid regional transportation, is crucial for daily commuters, business travelers, and tourists alike, highlighting the evolving landscape of American rail travel.